The U.S. Hispanic population increased sixfold since 1970
While the U.S. population has grown by 12 since 1970, the Hispanic population has increased sixfold, amounting to around 53.03 million people in 2012. This are the numbers revealed by a study released today by the Pew Center.
The independent social research group analyzed the figures from the Census Bureau and found that Los Angeles County, California, with 4.761 million Hispanics in a population of 9.88 million, is home to nearly 9 percent of all Latinos in the country.
But this county is just the fourth among those with the highest proportion of Hispanics in the general population: the Miami-Dade County in Florida has Hispanics as 64.5 percent of the population. Meawhile, Bexar Texas Hispanics account for 58.9 percent and in San Bernardino, California they total 49.9 percent.
Since 2000, the U.S. Hispanic population has grown nearly 50 percent, Pew notes, and this increase represents more than half of all the population growth in the country in that period.
To a large extent, the growth occurs in relatively small geographic areas and the ten counties with more Hispanic population was where 22 percent of the growth of the U.S. Hispanic population occurred. Half of those counties are in California .
The most explosive growth of the Hispanic population between 2000 and 2011 occurred in Stewart, Georgia, where the group grew by 1,754 percent, followed by Telfair County, in that same state, with an increase of 849 percent.
Mexicans remain the largest group of Hispanics, although with regional variations.
While Hispanics of Mexican origin are most Latinos in 39 states, Puerto Ricans are the largest group in New York and New Jersey, and the Cubans are in Florida.
Hispanics of Mexican origin tend to be the youngest among the fourteen largest groups of Latinos, with an average age of 25 years compared with 40 years for Mexicans.
Among all Hispanics, Venezuelans are the most likely to have a college degree (51%), compared with 7 percent of Guatemalans and Salvadorans.