World’s drinking water supply falls dramatically in just two decades
60 nations do not have enough drinking water for their populations.
The year 2050 seems to be far down the road, but it is really not, especially when it comes to having clean drinking water available for survival.
In 2050, 6 billion people will suffer water shortages. It is 80% of the population that today inhabits the planet earth and 60% of the 9 billion that is estimated by then.
In 2050, half of the planet’s inhabitants will not have access to drinking water, according to a report issued by the World Bank.
if there is no water for consumption, there will be no water for agricultural production, which today represents 70% of the fresh water used in large farming operations.
There won’t be enough water for the development of the energy industry or for livestock, which is essential for the maintenance of life.
Today, there are at least 44 countries that do not have enough drinking water to supply their people.
Experts believe that a state has “little water” when renewable water resources are between 1,000 and 1,700 cubic meters per capita.
In addition to the 40 nations that are below this threshold, today there are 26 more countries that are in this situation.
The eye of the hurricane is located in the Middle East and North Africa, two extremely arid regions where water resources are scarce and concentrated in a few areas.
Unfortunately, around 6% of the entire world population lives there, despite the fact that they only contain 1.5% of the renewable fresh water of the earth.
According to the UN, the ability of these countries to make more water available for domestic, agricultural, industrial and environmental uses will depend on better management and planning of water resources.
In the United Arab Emirates and Qatar, the availability of fresh water per capita has decreased by 82% in the last two decades -between 1992 and 2014.
Nowadays they are the regions that have less water for their inhabitants with a ratio of 16.5 and 23.5 cubic meters per person per year, respectively.
The current trend is especially dangerous in these regions but it is extended to the rest of the world. In total, 9 out of 10 countries have followed the same pattern.
Beyond the ratio, it must be borne in mind that in Western countries consumption is 10 times higher than in developing countries.
As an example, the inhabitants of Uganda have one of the lowest water consumption on the planet, at 12.6 per inhabitant, but the country lacks enough water to supply for that demand.
Sub-Saharan Africa is another hot spot on earth. There, the problem of water scarcity is not so related to the existence of fresh water as to be healthy and available to the population.
Water has been and is a source of conflict; perhaps not directly, but as an important factor that can tighten the rope between communities and lead to a confrontation.
Although experts do not quite agree on the role of water, the vast majority agree that both in Syria and Yemen, lack of water was a key element in the development of the ongoing conflict.
Currently, 70 countries suffer from serious problems related to water and there is no projection for 2050 that foresees a better scenario than the current one.
Improper use of water, such as in industrial agriculture, waste, and poor management of drinking water supply are three of the most important causes of the significant fall in drinking water availability around the world.