December 11, 2010 2 Comments
Even third world nation Bolivia objected the agreement and labeled it a “blank check for developed nations” due to back room deals not published in the approved document.
The agreement covers establishment of a new Green Climate Fund to help poor nations, measures to protect tropical forests and a mechanism for clean energy technology transfer to poorer nations. It also reaffirmed a commitment reached at last year’s Copenhagen conference to provide 100 billion U.S. dollars a year to help developing countries fight global warming.
Xie Zhenhua, head of the Chinese delegation, said the conference was a success and the Kyoto Protocol had been reaffirmed.
Xie said the parties advanced with the guidance of the “Bali Road Map” and reached success at Cancun.
“The achievements of the conference are the result of the parties’ efforts and the advantages of the multilateral mechanism, which can promote the negotiation progress. We have full confidence in the multilateral mechanism after the conference,” he said.
The next climate conference will be held in Durban, South Africa, in 2011. According to Xie, the parties are confident about the South Africa conference. “We can step forward in South Africa, if we can continue to consolidate and carry on the spirit of unity and coordination formed at the Cancun conference,” he said.
Although the results were positive, it could not be described as “perfect.” Some details were left to solve in South Africa, Xie said.
Mexican Foreign Minister Patricia Espinosa, chair of the conference, said, “The texts on the table represent the work of many delegations that carry the hope of delivering what our societies expect.”
“I take note of your opinion, but if there are no other objections, this text is approved,” Espinosa told Pablo Solon, the Bolivian representative.
Bolivia rejected the two documents of the deal, saying they amounted to a blank check for developed nations because the commitments set were in documents which had not yet been published.
Solon also challenged the validity of the agreement, saying the rules stipulated it could not be passed when one state strongly objected. “We will get every international body necessary to make sure that the consensus is respected,” he said.
“Consensus does not mean that one nation can choose to apply a veto on a process that other nations have been working on for years. I cannot ignore the opinion of another 193 states that are parties,” Espinosa replied. Her response received a huge applause from the floor.
Another Bolivian official also complained that his nation had been denied basic rights by the conference.